Sunday, November 29, 2015

Book Review - Train To Paksitan

Book Review - Train To Pakistan

Train To Pakistan is a classic novel written by eminent writer, columnist, humorist and satirist Khushwant Singh in 1956. This book is a hard hitting account of atrocities during the partition of India. I have bought a paperback edition published by Penguin India.

Cover : Cover is showing a steam engine train of India of early year of independence. Though it didn't give you idea about the content of the book but you came to know the effect of this picture after reading the book.

Plot: The story is based in a village Mano Majra on the border of India and Pakistan. After partition of the country Muslims were migrating to Pakistan and Sikhs and Hindus to India. Mano Majra was the only village unaffected by the partition here Muslims, Sikhs and Hindus were all leaving peacefully. Juggat Singh aka Jagga a bad character in police record was in love with Nooran daughter of Muslim priest Imam Baksh. A robbery and a murder happened in Mano Majra resulted in Juggat's arrest under suspicion. Police also arrested Iqbal a political activist from Delhi who came to calm down situation in border villages. Every thing was fine until a train full of corpses arrived from Pakistan. This incident made the atmosphere tense in the village. Magistrate Hukum Singh's order to police superintendent further increased the drift among the communities. Muslims were forced to leave the village. Police suddenly decide to release Juggat Singh and Iqbal when a train going to Pakistan with Muslims of Mano Majra was planned to be assassinated by a group of Sikh youths. Juggat Singh also had a role to play. What he did? What happened to the train?  

Review : The book presents an unbiased account of the tragedy of partition. How communities living peacefully from centuries turned violent against each other just by a line drawn on paper. You will realize by reading this book where the seed of animosity was sown between the communities which affect the Indian diaspora even in present time. Kushwant Singh with his simple yet powerful style of story telling left you with some questions to think as a human being. A story which beautifully highlights the human emotions and displays the tragic turn of events with sincerity. 

Verdict : A must read of you want to know about the India at the time of partition. It will also help to understand current political situation of the country.

Rating : I would give it a full starts i.e 5/5. 

Thursday, November 26, 2015

Delhi - Drive,Design and Connect

Delhi - Drive, Design and Connect

Delhi is a city which drives you crazy when you look at its age old architecture, feel its zealous past and peep into its mystical history. From ancient architectures to the modern marvels this city offers everything you crave for. The rulers which have ruled India from this city designed it in their own style. Even now in the modern times it is the center of all political and governmental activities. It was and it is the point of connect of people of this country. The special thing about Delhi is that it belongs to everyone. People from all states have settled in this city and has enriched it with their culture and traditions. I like it for its composite culture where a road (Chandni Chowk) having a Temple, a Church, a Gurudwara and a Mosque displays the India full of different cultures living together in harmony.

This city drives in you the real spirit India. No other city offers you the hullabaloo of news makers, the patriotic flavor of armed forces, the charm of ancient world, the charisma of modernity and a sense of power. The city in which flows the fuel of energy and enthusiasm of India. Since this city is driven by power it always remain a focal point of change which helped in churning our democracy for better results. (Remember J.P.Movement, Anna Movement.) 

It is designed by different rulers at different times according to their own tastes and comforts. From Hastinapur to Indraparastha, from Tughlagabad to Daulatabad, from Mehrauli to Old Delhi and to Lutyens Delhi it is fully equipped with different flavors of architecture, culture and traditions. In a way it is a timeline of history of India. Most recently the addition of Metro Rail project which have joined, combined and connected different eras of Delhi have given a unique addition to its design. 

It is a place which connects with everybody easily due to its diversity. It is this city where the phrase unity in diversity suits the best. You can have Goa's Christmas, Maharashtrian Ganesh Chaturthi along with Bihar's Chath Puja, if there is a glimpse of Bengali tradition during Durga Puja then you have also fragrances of South Indian festivals of Onam, Pongal,etc. There is a busyness of Eid' one road and buzz of Diwali on another. Similarly you have food here which not only connects you to India but to the world. Just ask for anything Chinese, Thai, Italian, Mediterranean, Mughlai, Hyderabadi, Gujrati, etcetera, etcetera and they are available to sooth your palate. Moreover since no one is from Delhi, this city is for everyone and besides feeling connected to traditions and cultures of different parts of India you feel connected to you country and yourself.

This city binds India together like Tata Motors which by providing different vehicle range is catering to the needs of every household of India. I sum up Delhi in words of Prasoon Joshi 'Yeh Delhi Hai Mere Yaar, Bus Ishq Mohabbat Pyaar' which means that this is the city which is only filled with love.

This post is written for #madeofgreat Zonal Wars by Tata Motors and Indiblogger. 

Wednesday, November 25, 2015

Certificate of Indianness

Certificate of Indianness.

The ruling party and its parent organisation RSS (Rashtriya Swamsevak Sangh) have now distributing certificate of Indianness. According to their leaders and spokesperson one who is born in India and who respect Indian constitution,culture, heritage and value is only entitled to be Indian if he follow rules laid by them like having a Khaki nikkar (half pant) in wardrobe, must follow politics of hate and so on. I got a specimen of this certificate which will first awarded to prime minister Narender Modi so that his absence in India should not give wrong impressions about his nationality.

Their spokesperson said that this procedure would be helpful in their earlier venture of Travel Agency where they are distributing free tickets to Pakistan. On question of news related to closing of travel agency after Bihar debacle and the loss in firecrackers brought to distribute in Pakistan he said travel agency is still working and they have sold crackers to Mahagadbandhan at cost price to minimize their loss. 'If Aamir Khan is planning to leave the country, he can contact us for better travel deals.' Mohan Bhagwat will distribute first Certificate of Indianness to Prime Minister as soon as he will return to the country. 

Safe Skin Healthy Baby - 2

Safe Skin Healthy Baby - 2

In a joint family like mine when a child comes, he/she becomes the responsibility of whole family and not just the parents. My involvement and observation of child care prompted me to right one more post for #SoftestForBabySkinActivity. Naturally child's skin is soft because it remains submerged in amniotic fluids and sebum (oil on baby's skin) keeps it moisturized. Thus to maintain a soft skin we must adhere to the natural ways. Vernix outer covering of child which go away in two to three weeks after birth protects child skin from wrinkling inside amniotic fluids and maintain natural oils in the body after birth. As I also mentioned in the first post frequent bathing should be avoided in first few weeks. 

Here are some more points which helped in keeping baby skin soft : 

  1. Lukewarm water should be used to clean baby skin. It helps in keeping child skin soft and also keeps a child warm which further protect him from Pneumonia, cough and cold. Even when you are using lukewarm water ensure that bath frequency should not exceed in first few weeks or should be restricted to cleansing of diaper area which only gets dirty in an infant. This will protect child skin from much exposure to external environment and hence keep skin soft.
  2. Cotton soft diapers should be used to avoid skin infections and rashes. Cotton let air pass through it which keeps child skin dry. Cotton cloth made diapers are good for this purpose but during winters and in rainy days, it becomes difficult to dry them quickly. Moreover you need to change them instantly because they don't keep skin dry resulting in itchiness, redness and rashes. New Pampers cotton soft pant style diapers is good alternative for cotton cloth made diapers , they are convenient to use without any shortcomings of cotton cloth diapers.
  3. Oil massage before giving bath will not only keep skin soft but also makes bones healthy. You should be careful while messaging for temperature around, cold temperature leads to cough and cold. If possible massage under mild sun rays as intense sun rays may cause skin burns. 
  4. Treating baby acne or pimples softly. Baby acne or pimples are not like one we develop during teenage years they go by themselves and squeezing them or applying some chemical lotions may harm baby skin. Pimples or Whiteheads on baby skin are due to fungal infection and not because of excess oil secretion, thus proper baby cleansing is enough for treating them. If you squeeze them they may left a mark or tight the baby skin on that area snatching its natural softness.
  5. Avoid excess powdering. Infant skin doesn't really need powdering just dry clean the area and its done. Powder may stick to wet areas making it prone to infections. Moreover infants if powdered frequently can inhale powder particles which may cause lung problems in the future. If powdering is necessary use natural ingredient based powder which is soft on skin and if inhaled doesn't harm much to the baby.
This points and a mother's love care will keep the bay skin soft and healthy.  

“Pampers brings you the softest ever Pampers Premium Care Pants. Its cotton-like softness is #SoftestForBabySkin and allows it to breathe, thus keeping baby’s skin soft and healthy, and your baby happy. ”

Saturday, November 21, 2015

The Teacher From Bihar

The Teacher From Bihar

"You Can't Imagine How This Poor Bihari Boy Climbed The Wall Of This Big Private Institution."

I can still remember these words uttered almost twelve years ago were enough for you to judge the importance and impact of these words on me and my life. His facial expressions and moist eyes are still fresh in my memory. His eyes conveyed his entire story to me in a second. I don't know what others present in that class felt at that time, perhaps some have laughed at his emotions but those emotions touched my heart which inscribed these words for always.

I am talking about my Math teacher of 11th and 12th class Mr. Pathak. He was from Bihar an upper cast who was affected by V.P.Singh's government agreeing and applying of Mandal Commission report in 1989-90. The Mandal Commission was formed to analyze social differences in society which effected in increase of quota of reservation for SC, ST and OBC. Bihar being the initiator of Mandal movement experienced most discrimination on caste lines resulted in neglecting of upper caste students. Mr Pathak being from the upper caste was caught in this politics which lead him to leave his village and state to study in Delhi.

He usually told us the stories of his village school which was devoid of any modern facilities. He was impressed by his math teacher who was devoted to his students even in such a poor condition. He wanted to be like him and teach his village students. The sentence I mentioned above was showing his pain of leaving his native place and his struggle after enforcement of Mandal commission. At that time I was not much aware of Mandal-Kamandal politics, neither I understood his mention of it in the class room, I was just touched by his emotions and experienced his pain of struggle. I think he was driven by his pain of leaving his native place which helped him performing strong in the big city.
This became the reason of pursuing my higher education through correspondence than regular college. Although I secured marks enough to get admission in a good reputed college but my passion was and is writing which I thought I could pursue without a regular college degree so I left my seat for someone more deserving who was nurturing dreams like my teacher from Bihar to teach his people and make an impact on their life.

I never met Mr Pathak after school but two years with him in school realized me that he was #madeofgreat.  He crossed all economical, political and social hurdles to become a teacher of a reputed school which was looking impossible at one point of time in his life. Perhaps one day he would fulfill his dream to open a school in his native village to teach his people. He was a good teacher whom I remembered even today. I don't know why I never met him again but now I think it’s time to have a rendezvous with him.

You can have a rendezvous with Amazan Voucher worth Rs 750 by sharing your thoughts on below question. The best answer will be picked by me and will be awarded by Indiblogger. 

What Do You Think of Tata Motors' Association With Lionel Messi? 

This post is linked to Made of Great contest by Tata Motors in association with Indiblogger

Thursday, November 19, 2015

The T - Day

The T - Day

World Toilet Day is celebrated on 19th November to raise awareness about the people in the world who don’t have access to a toilet - a basic human need. It also focuses on the health and hygiene problems arising due to improper sanitation. 2.4 billion People do not have adequate sanitation. 1 billion people still defecate in the open and shamefully India is home to half of these people. Poor sanitation increases the risk of disease and malnutrition, especially for women and children. Women and girls risk rape and abuse, because they have no toilet that offers privacy.

In India not only villages but cities are also facing this problem. Even in the capital of India - New Delhi people defecate in the open compromising their dignity, health and privacy. Besides creating health problems, open defecation give rise to safety issues for women and girls. Most of the rapes reported in rural India are of those girls and women who went to defecate in open alone. Some mischievous elements of society waited for such opportunities to execute the ongoing of their dirty minds. Lack of toilets also leads women and girls to compromise their menstrual hygiene.

The lack of toilets is not the only problem. Improper toilets are also a problem. From improper toilets I mean toilets lacking equality. A physically challenged person needs a special toilet, a woman or a girl for menstrual hygiene required a toilet having sanitary pads, so there must be toilet for different needs also. But in a country where even basic toilets are scarce you can't hope for toilets for special needs. Lack of toilets resulted in unhygienic environment which further causes deadly diseases among children thus snatching valuable lives of our children. 

Talk shit today to tell the world #wecantwait anymore for proper toilets and sanitation #WorldToiletDay    

Apart from government we should also take things in our hands. Ensure those working in your offices and houses as helpers are using functional toilets in their homes. If not you must encourage them to do so and if possible lend them loans to do the same. Those who have relatives leaving in villages check for toilets there and initiate building of toilets in those areas. Government should not only erect toilet buildings but should also take care of their cleanliness and maintenance. #wecantwait more for this basic facility to reach every home so we must act fast and more responsibly. 

You can visit World Toilet Organisation's website to know more about this problem and to donate for this cause. 

Linked to IndiChange by Indiblogger. 

Tuesday, November 17, 2015

IS - Islamic State or International Slackness

IS - Islamic State or International Slackness.

Paris Attacks on 13th November 2015 which killed around 200 people opened world's eyes to a new threat to the world peace i.e Islamic State or IS. It was not the first attack by IS but it became their 9/11 moment which garnered them worldwide headlines and hours long news coverage. Facebook even offered safety check feature for people affected by the attack and France flag as DP (display picture) for those who want to show their solidarity with Paris and France. For few more days people will outburst their anger on social sites and then terrorism will go out off discussion from public debates.

Islamic State is creating havoc from last one year or so, it has captured a large part of Iraq (including some oil well), Syria and Egypt. Islamic State is involved in killing of innocent people of these nations which forced many to leave their country and demand refuge in other countries. The reckless attitude of America and European countries for happenings in these middle eastern countries have helped in spreading of their terror networks in other parts of the world. They are using internet to spread their hate messages converting many innocents to be their sympathizers and support their cause. Turkey and other such countries are buying oil from IS thus funding them with money. Many NGO's in America and Europe are also providing funds to them. They are using sophisticated modern weapons made in America, Iran and European countries. This international slackness towards their activities is giving them more power and money.

Why World Is Not Uniting Against ISIS For World Peace? #terrorism #ParisAttacks 

When Russia attacked Syrian hideouts of IS and drive them away from many parts of Syria neither Europe nor America supported this action. Are they using IS as a tool to spread Islamophobia? The sudden emergence of IS immediately after killing of Osama-bin-Laden is also a matter of suspicion. Why not ban the organization selling ammunition to them? Why not ban NGO's providing funds to them? Isn't terrorism used as a tool to sideline a community which was also suffering from these terrorist attacks? Few know that Beirut in Lebanon was also attacked by IS two days before Paris attacks killing at least 43 people. Attacks in Syrian mosques & residential colonies, Iraq's minorities, Nigeria, Algeria, Saudi Arabia etc were also conducted by IS without much international reporting and coverage. 

The time has come to form an international community which not acts as a puppet of developed nations like United Nations. A body which can handle all crucial issues of human right violation, terrorist funding, illegal arm trade, international drug peddlers and other such issues more strongly than United Nation did today. World stood together in tough time is a good gesture which would not be limited to attack on Europe and America. I also support PM Narender Modi and other world leaders' demand to define terrorism to separate it from religion and for strong actions against their sympathizers. Pray for peace for Paris and for the world.